Fair play: Age verification in online gambling and eSports

How age verification helps gaming businesses open up new markets

The popularity of online gaming is higher than ever, and so are revenues. Online gambling is poised to reach $94.4 billion in revenue by 2024 and eSports has an audience of over 500 million viewers, generating an annual revenue of $1.5 billion. As online betting and gambling continue to attract spectators, gaming operators have increasing pressure to secure their platforms, have an esports age limit or restriction, reduce fraud, and ensure fair play.

With the inclusion of eSports in the 2022 Olympics, we can expect its expansion into the mainstream and a continual convergence between online gaming, online betting, and eSports platforms. As revenues for these industries are beating records, governments are tightening their scrutiny, especially on underaged gambling and illegal betting on teams with mostly minors. Platforms need to ensure that users are of online betting age or a specified esports age limit, to avoid clamp downs by regulators.

In the past, implementing age verification was expensive and detrimental to the user experience. However, modern solutions for user verification make use of biometrics to combine identity and age verification seamlessly into account creation and user login. In this post, we will outline why online gambling, video gaming and eSports businesses can use an integrated online betting age check to stay competitive and grow their customer base.

Identity verification reduces fraud to grow revenue

Fraud has risen sharply since the Covid-19 pandemic, as homebound players took to online gaming, both gambling and video games according to an article in Pymnts. The growing online players gave scammers opportunities to steal user logins and personal information, such as through e-mail phishing or look alike sites, resulting in account thefts. Fraudsters could also create multiple accounts and fake online betting age to game the system, whether for money laundering or other purposes. Whether using stolen or fake identities, fraudsters are a liability for companies. Gartner puts the average cost per stolen record at $148 and a data breach at $3.86 million. In addition, since online gambling, mature video games, and eSports have customer due diligence and esports age limit or requirements, failing to comply with the necessary KYC processes and age verification can result in fines.

Protecting against player fraud not only reduces business loss, but choosing a secure and seamless solution can actually become a competitive advantage by improving customer experiences and retention. Robust security practices throughout a business, from hardening server security to using unique biometrics for user authentication, improves the end user experience and establishes trust. Below, we will outline how age verification can be applied for online gambling, video games, and eSports.

Combining identity and age verification for gaming operators

Many online services, from sports betting apps for the Eurocup to poker, fall into online gambling, which have AML compliance requirements and online betting age restrictions. Meeting these online betting age and KYC check requirements also opens up market opportunities. For example, the GlüNeuRStV treaty in Germany is legalizing online gaming as of July 2021, but businesses need to implement effective age verification to obtain a license. The minimum legal online betting age is 18 in most countries and 21 in some, like the United States. Most countries, however, do not have an esports age limit. Choosing an identity verification solution that can meet market-specific requirements will offload regulatory burdens. For example, automating rejections for individuals who fail online betting age checks during identity verification can mitigate fines, while also reducing operational overhead.

Using age verifications to expand market access for video games and eSports

Online video games also need to address user identification, whether it is for legal distribution of games with mature content or for eSports tournaments to prevent player fraud to build credibility with paying audiences. Australian Counter-Strike competitors were charged for match-fixing and illegal betting, and the issue has attracted the investigation of the FBI in the US. As gambling on eSports continues to exponentially grow after the pandemic, the platforms that build trust with their communities will stand to gain most market share.

Age verification is just one component of identity verification that will help online gaming and eSports platforms build trust with users who can pay. In the past, a pop-up asking for a user’s birth date would suffice as an age checker, but increasingly businesses need to verify a user’s age. As an example, Steam, a major online video game distributor, blocked all adult-only games for its German users in 2020, and even users in its forum asked for online betting age verification to have access to games. Businesses can now build their own branded identity verification and online betting age check into signups or purchases with no-code solutions, SDKs, and APIs that have cross-platform support from providers such as Passbase.

In the related industry of eSports, revenue is made when spectators pay to view professional video game athletes playing against each other. Platforms such as Riot Games have pressure to uphold the integrity of their competitions, reduce player fraud, match-fixing, cheating and ensure fair play to retain viewers and attract top athletes.

Z League Call of Duty Warzone Tournaments

In addition to cheat detection, platforms also need to meet regulations on minors’ participation in tournaments for certain jurisdictions. As an example, Sweden and Spain, for example, have banned betting on tournaments where all or most players are under 18, which means that operators need to determine the age of their players in order to take the appropriate measures and avoid use of fake online betting age.

Navigating the regulatory requirements while trying to serve global or regional audiences requires gambling on eSports platforms to go seamless after identity and age verification checks are done. For example, Passbase client ZLeague hosts tournaments for Warzone and Fortnite. In order to ensure the best gaming and viewer experiences, they ensure that paid entry tournament players are 18+ and legal residents of USA, Canada, UK, Ireland or Germany.

How biometrics offer great user experience while securing identities


While every industry and market can have different regulations, online gaming and sports betting platforms that perform KYC checks can cover most requirements. Performing an online betting age or KYC check can require as little as a scan of an official photo ID document (such as a national ID or passport) and a selfie. Solutions such as Passbase use facial biometrics from a person’s selfie to match it to the photo in the ID document. The ID document can verify a person’s identity and can simultaneously perform an online sports betting age check with the date of birth. With services like Passbase, this identity verification and online gambling age check is performed in less than a minute, providing a great user experience.

Companies using Passbase’s identity verification can also allow end users who have performed identity verification once to use biometric authentication to take a video selfie for future identity verification or passwordless logins, such as just before a tournament.

Age verification is increasingly becoming essential for online gaming operators to navigate shifting regulatory landscapes, prevent fines, reduce player fraud, keep to online betting age requirements and fair play. Using a smooth identity verification solution can deliver great user experiences, open up new market and revenue opportunities, and build trust with paying participants and spectators.

Passbase provides a convenient way for end users to prove their age and for your team to manage verifications from a unified dashboard. You can get started with the Passbase API or with SDKs for iOS, Android, and web. To see how age verification can work for your business, sign up with Passbase today or book a demo.

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Passbase is an identity verification solution that makes facial recognition, liveness detection, ID verification and KYC and AML compliance accessible through a suite of flexible developer tools. A zero-knowledge architecture ensures that companies using Passbase can securely verify users from over 190 countries without having to store their data. Built for developers, it can be integrated with just a few lines of code on iOS, Android, and Web.